Trump's Russia scandal: where does it stand?

Paul Handley, Agence France Presse

Posted at May 25 2017 10:09 AM

Protesters gather to rally against US President Donald Trump's firing of FBI director James Comey on May 10. Trump's decision sent shockwaves across Washington, a virtually unprecedented move that came as Comey was heading an investigation into Team Trump's links to Russia. Jonathan Ernst, Reuters

WASHINGTON - Subpoenas are flying, a special prosecutor is taking the reins, and explosive revelations hit the press almost daily: the investigation into possible collusion between President Donald Trump's campaign and Russia is heating up.

With Trump reported to have retained a personal lawyer to represent him, here is where the sprawling probe into alleged Russian interference in the 2016 election stands.

WHAT DOES US INTELLIGENCE KNOW?

Russian President Vladimir Putin. Reuters

Top intelligence officials announced in January their belief that Russia's Vladimir Putin directed a plot to hurt Democrat Hillary Clinton and boost the election chances of her rival Trump.

This week, former CIA director John Brennan revealed that intelligence chiefs had been looking into suspicious contacts between Trump campaign associates and Russian officials since mid-2016.

He also made clear the FBI probe launched in July last year into Russian hacking of Democratic Party communications, was already pursuing possible Trump campaign collusion with Moscow.

Those suspicions lingered but proof was lacking. When Brennan left office in January, he says he had "unresolved questions in my mind as to whether or not the Russians had been successful in getting US persons involved in the campaign or not to work on their behalf."

IS TRUMP IN TROUBLE?

US President Donald Trump waves as he walks on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, US, before his departure to Groton, Connecticut. Reuters

Trump rejects the suggestion his team colluded with Moscow as a "witch hunt," and so far there is little more than circumstantial evidence of any personal links between the president and Russia, most of which involves his family's real estate businesses.

His biggest problem stems from his repeated efforts to persuade senior politicians, justice and intelligence officials to help push back against the probe, and his firing of James Comey as FBI director on May 9. Those actions have brought accusations that he is obstructing the investigation.

Obstruction of justice was one of the key charges levied against both president Richard Nixon, in 1974 in the Watergate case, and Bill Clinton in his 1998 impeachment in connection with the Monica Lewinsky scandal.

Trump's unwillingness to criticize Moscow has further stoked suspicions. It didn't help when he invited Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov into the Oval Office in early May -- and reportedly divulged to him top secret intelligence on the Islamic State group.

WHO ELSE IS TARGETED?

U.S. National Security Advisor Michael Flynn boards Air Force One at West Palm Beach International airport in West Palm Beach, Florida. Reuters

Number one in the hot seat is Michael Flynn, Trump's advisor on national security in the campaign and, for four weeks, in the White House. Flynn's dealings with Russians raised concerns in the Justice Department that he could have been compromised by Russian intelligence -- and be vulnerable to blackmail. That is one reason he was forced out of the White House in February.

Flynn's misleading statements about money he received from Russian and Turkish government-related bodies, and his frequent contacts with Russia's US ambassador after the election, are being examined by the Justice Department, Congress, and the Pentagon.

This week Flynn refused to comply with a Senate Intelligence Committee subpoena for documents, claiming his constitutional right against self-incrimination. But he also appeared ready to testify in exchange for immunity.

"General Flynn certainly has a story to tell, and he very much wants to tell it," his lawyer has said.

Several other campaign aides with links to Russia, including one-time campaign chairman Paul Manafort, are also being examined. And recent press reports said a grand jury is seeking information from an unnamed current White House advisor.

WHAT COMES NEXT?

Former FBI chief James Comey. Reuters

All eyes are on Comey who is expected to testify to Congress in coming weeks, making his first public comments since he was fired. He could detail Trump's alleged pressure on him to pull back the probe, as well as shed light on how strong the evidence is of alleged collusion.

Former FBI director Robert Mueller is currently taking over the agency's investigation after being appointed as a special prosecutor, insulated from political pressure to pursue all leads. His work could take months.

In the meantime, the two key panels in Congress investigating the Russia affair, the House and Senate intelligence committees, continue to collect their own data. Others are also joining in. On Wednesday the Financial Services Committee demanded Deutsche Bank turn over records on its banking relationship with Trump.

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