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LOOK: Images of 1965 Taal eruption show scenes of chaos, despair

ABS-CBN News

Posted at Jan 16 2020 06:16 AM

Taal volcano is considered one of the most active volcanoes in the world, according to the Phivolcs.

There were 33 recorded phreatic to phreamagmatic eruptions at Taal between 1572 and 1977. A phreatic eruption is a steam-driven explosion accompanied by ash rock and water, while a phreamagmatic one happens when magma interacts with surface or groundwater.

Devastating eruptions were recorded in 1754 and 1911 which destroyed the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.

The September 1965 eruption of Taal ended a dormant period of 54 years, according to the US Geological Survey. 

Considered one of its deadliest eruptions recorded, Taal in 1965 saw a pyroclastic explosion, characterized by a turbulent mix of steam, ash and rock that covered the surrounding area and left massive damage, which killed some 200 people.

Here are some images of that event some 55 years ago:

Eruption at Mount Tabora on the Taal volcano island in September 1965. Photo from Phivolcs

The cinder cone on the crater created by the phreatomagmatic eruption of Taal volcano in 1965. The crater was eventually filled by the lava flows from the eruptions of 1968 and 1969. JG Moore, US Geological Survey

Residents evacuate during one of Taal volcano's most devastating eruptions. Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

A woman cries over one of the victims of the Taal volcano eruption in September 1965. Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

Two farmers on volcano island carrying their father across Taal lake look confused as they reach the shore of Talisay town, Batangas. The three, who survived the Taal volcano eruption, were taken in by Task Force Vulcan operative under Col. Segundo L. Gazmin, Second PC zone commander, to an evacuation center in Tanuan town, Batangas. PNS - Adorado A. Karamihan from the Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

Residents look for salvageable items after the eruption in Taal volcano. Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

An old man clings on to the shoulders of an unidentified Batangas farmer. The man was one of the victims of the Taal volcano eruption on September 28, 1965. Hundreds were feared lost in the five barrios surrounding Taal. PNS - Willie C. Depositario, Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

Taal residents evacuate when the volcano erupted in 1965. Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library

Taal residents carry one of the victims of the Taal volcano eruption in September 1965. Mr & Ms Collection, American Historical Collection, Rizal Library