Robotic suit gives paralyzed children gift of walking

Jean Arce, Agence France-Presse

Posted at Oct 20 2022 10:16 AM | Updated as of Oct 20 2022 10:18 AM

David Zabala, an 8-year-old boy with cerebral palsy, is assisted by a physical therapist and his mother, Guadalupe Cardozo Ruiz (C), during a rehabilitation session with the robotic exoskeleton Atlas 2030 at the Association for People with Cerebral Palsy (APAC) in Mexico City on October 18, 2022. The Atlas 2030 pediatric exoskeleton, which won its creator, Spanish Elena García Armada, the 2022 European Inventor award, has been in use in Mexico since October, thanks to the efforts of the Association for People with Cerebral Palsy (APAC), a private organisation founded in 1970. CLAUDIO CRUZ / AFP
David Zabala, an 8-year-old boy with cerebral palsy, is assisted by a physical therapist and his mother, Guadalupe Cardozo Ruiz (C), during a rehabilitation session with the robotic exoskeleton Atlas 2030 at the Association for People with Cerebral Palsy (APAC) in Mexico City on October 18, 2022. The Atlas 2030 pediatric exoskeleton, which won its creator, Spanish Elena García Armada, the 2022 European Inventor award, has been in use in Mexico since October, thanks to the efforts of the Association for People with Cerebral Palsy (APAC), a private organisation founded in 1970. CLAUDIO CRUZ / AFP

MEXICO CITY - Wearing a robotic exoskeleton designed specially for children, an eight-year-old boy with cerebral palsy walked through a therapy room in Mexico City, smiling triumphantly at the once-unthinkable feat.

David Zabala uses a wheelchair due to his neurological condition, which also left him deaf and reliant on sign language.

But thanks to the Atlas 2030 exoskeleton, which won its creator a European Inventor Award this year, he was able to walk and stand in front of a mirror where he drew smiling faces with colored marker pens.

"He's taking his first steps. That's a joy for him," said the boy's mother, Guadalupe Cardoso, 41.

"At first it scared him and his hands were very tense, and now I see that he's already holding the marker pen and starting to draw or (play with) the ball," Cardoso added.

It makes the exhausting, near two-hour journey from their home in the south of Mexico City to the therapy center totally worth it, she said.

The exoskeleton was designed by Spanish professor Elena Garcia Armada to enable children who use wheelchairs to walk during muscle rehabilitation therapy.

The mechanical joints of the battery-powered titanium suit adapt intelligently to the motion of each child, according to the European Patent Office, which presented Garcia with the European Inventor Award.

Giving paralyzed children the opportunity to walk "not only extends their life expectancy and enhances their physical well-being, but also improves their self-esteem," it said.

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'Changing lives'

Mexico is the third country, after Spain and France, where the Atlas 2030 has been used to treat children.

The suit helps "to achieve in record time rehabilitation goals" that would take months to achieve with conventional therapies, said Guadalupe Maldonado, director of Mexico's Association for People with Cerebral Palsy.

The benefits include muscle strengthening, improvement of the digestive and respiratory systems and -- above all -- a major mood boost, Maldonado said.

The private organization, founded in 1970, has already seen positive results two weeks after acquiring its first exoskeleton, she said.

A second device, worth around $250,000, is due to arrive in Mexico City next month.

The association's initial goal is to offer rehabilitation to about 200 children with cerebral palsy.

"We want to continue working and empowering, so that more children in the city and the country have access to this type of rehabilitation... that radically changes their lives," Maldonado said.

The sessions also give joy to the therapists, who carefully fit the exoskeleton using its special corset, cuff and shoes and celebrate the children's progress with smiles and applause. 

"It motivates us a lot as therapists that we will be able to achieve many things in the future," said Arturo Palafox, 28.

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