MANILA — Outgoing President Rodrigo Duterte has been known for his trademark tough talk, with some of his pronouncements raising eyebrows from various sectors.
As Duterte steps down from office, here are 10 quotes that reflected some of his major policies.
1. "Hitler massacred 3 million Jews. There are 3 million drug addicts. I'll be happy to slaughter them."
In September 2016, just 3 months into his term, Duterte said he would be happy to slaughter 3 million drug addicts, in reference to the war on drugs, even comparing his actions to German dictator Adolf Hitler.
American senators, including Ben Cardin, expressed concern over Duterte's pronouncements, but the President told them not to interfere with Philippine affairs and to stop being hypocrites.
2. "I am a president of a sovereign state and we have long ceased to be a colony. I do not have any master except the Filipino people, nobody but nobody... P***** i** mo, mumurahin kita sa forum na iyan."
Duterte also raised eyebrows when he cursed former US President Barack Obama in September 2016, calling him a "son of a w****" and telling the latter not to question him about extra-judicial killings when they meet at a regional summit in Laos.
This was after Washington also expressed concern about a reported surge in drug-related killings since Duterte was sworn into office.
3. "Just because you are a journalist you are exempted from assassination… Freedom of expression cannot help you if you have done something wrong.”
A month before he stepped into office, Duterte was asked how his then-incoming administration would solve media killings.
The then-President-elect replied that the freedom of the press, which is enshrined in the Constitution, cannot protect a journalist from being killed, especially if he was a "son of a b****."
4. “If you are expecting na ma-renew ‘yan [prangkisa ng ABS-CBN], I am sorry. I will see to it that you are out."
In December 2019, Duterte told ABS-CBN Corp. that he will not renew the network's broadcast franchise.
On May 5, 2020, the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) ordered the network to stop broadcasting after its franchise had expired. Congress would later deny its renewal application 2 months later.
Despite Duterte's public threats against the network, Malacañang had maintained that it would remain neutral amid the franchise renewal controversy.
5. "I love China, it has helped us a bit. But it behooves upon us to ask, is it right for a country to claim the whole ocean?"
Duterte was known for his friendly pivot towards China, amid enduring tensions over the West Philippine Sea.
Even while he was being convinced to raise Manila's victory in a 2016 ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration, he said he could not do so because the country could not afford to go to war.
6. "Actually sa usapang bugoy, sabihin ko sa ‘yo, bigay mo sa akin, sabihin ko, ‘P***** *** papel lang ‘yan, itatapon ko ‘yan sa wastebasket.'"
In May 2021, Duterte said that he did not honor the 2016 Permanent Court of Arbitration ruling in the Philippines' favor over the South China Sea.
He said the ruling was just a piece of "paper" that meant nothing, and that he would rather throw it in a wastebasket.
7. "Don't get me wrong. There is a crisis being faced in this country. There is a national emergency. Kung ayaw mong magpabakuna, ipaaresto kita."
Duterte's "tough talk" persisted even throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.
He called on the public to get vaccinated against the coronavirus, and even telling authorities to vaccinate people in their sleep.
He also said those who didn't want to get vaccinated should just leave the country and go somewhere else.
Malacañang later downplayed his statements "as a joke."
8. "Who is this stupid God? Estupido talaga itong p***** i** kung ganun. You created some ... something perfect and then you think of an event that would tempt and destroy the quality of your work."
In 2018, Duterte took on God Himself after his then-recent tirades on the Catholic Church.
The President, a Catholic, had begun by saying that he found it foolish for God to create something "perfect" and then allow the first humans, Adam and Eve, to ruin it by bringing sin into existence because of the forbidden fruit.
In November 2015, while still running for president, Duterte cursed Pope Francis, but later clarified that his expletive-laden speech was not directed towards the Holy See but rather the government's security preparations that led to the closure of roads during the Pope's visit to the country in January of that year.
9. “Sinasabi ko I can clean it in six months. Then after that, I realized na nagkamali talaga ako … Maybe it’s hubris. It was campaign time. Payabangan naman ’yang kampanya."
During the 2016 campaign season, then-Mayor Duterte said that he would solve the country's drug problem within 3 to 6 months.
But last April, 6 years later, he realized that making such promise was a mistake motivated by "hubris" brought the hype of the campaign.
10. "The war against illegal drugs will not be sidelined. Instead, it will be as relentless as chilling, if you will, as the day it began."
During Duterte's third State of the Nation Address (SONA) in 2018, the Drug War had been going on for 2 years already.
But even then, he assured that the his anti-drug policy will continue to be "relentless," despite countless criticisms from rights groups.
Duterte had said that human rights advocates could not sway him to discontinue the drug war with protests.
"Human rights, to me, means giving Filipinos especially those at the society's fringes, a decent and dignified future through social and physical infrastructure necessary to better their lives and freedoms," he added.