Drought in Peru Andes proves fatal for alpacas, potato crops

Juan Carlos Cisneros, with Ernesto Tovar in Lima, Agence France-Presse

Posted at Dec 05 2022 03:55 AM | Updated as of Dec 05 2022 06:00 AM

A peasant guides an alpaca to one shed delivered by Peruvian Agriculture and Rural State Office at San Mateo de Huanchar peasant community, in Ticlo, Peru, 26 June 2009, at 5000 meters above sea level. Winter cold, which kills about 20 percent of alpacas at Peruvian mountain range every year, are being provided with 12,300 sheds which has a capacity to provide shelter for 400 animals. EPA/PAOLO AGUILAR
A peasant guides an alpaca to one shed delivered by Peruvian Agriculture and Rural State Office at San Mateo de Huanchar peasant community, in Ticlo, Peru, 26 June 2009, at 5000 meters above sea level. Winter cold, which kills about 20 percent of alpacas at Peruvian mountain range every year, are being provided with 12,300 sheds which has a capacity to provide shelter for 400 animals. EPA/PAOLO AGUILAR

PUNO, Peru - A drought in the Peruvian Andes has ravaged alpaca flocks and withered potato crops, forcing the government to declare a state of emergency on Saturday for 60 days in more than 100 districts.

Hardest hit are rural communities in the Arequipa and Puno departments in Peru's southern region, where the government decreed a state of emergency "due to imminent danger from water shortage." 

The national weather service, Senamhi, described the drought as one of the worst in the past half century, exacerbated by the offshore La Nina weather phenomenon in the central Pacific Ocean.

"November 2022 was one of the driest (months) in the last 58 years in various weather stations in the Andean region," Senamhi reported.

Andean hamlets for Quechua- and Aymara-speaking indigenous groups have faced critical losses of crops and livestock herds.

"For lack of forage and water, the alpacas are dying. My alpacas have died," Isabel Bellido, an alpaca farmer, told AFP from her mountain home in Lagunillas near Puno, a regional capital at 4,200 meters (12,550 feet) in elevation some 850 kilometers (530 miles) southeast of Lima.

Carlos Pacheco, a veterinarian and expert in llamas and alpacas, said a worst-case scenario would be for the drought to endure. 

"The animals are already underweight, and there is no pasture," he said.

At high altitude in the Andes, temperatures can drop to minus 20 degrees Celsius (minus four degrees Fahrenheit), and cause mass deaths of sheep and alpacas, vital to the subsistence of dwellers in mountain hamlets.

Divine supplication

In the winter of 2015, an estimated 170,000 alpacas died from extreme cold and drought in Peru.

Local press reports say hundreds of alpaca crias, or babies, and lambs have already died this year.

Shallow lakes have dried up, leaving only scattered puddles, as in the case of the Parihuanas Lagoon near Lagunillas. 

In the neighboring Santa Lucia district, the Collpacocha Lagoon has completely disappeared, leaving only a cracked mud lake bed.

Near Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable inland sea in the world at 3,812 meters in elevation, the inhabitants of the Aymara-speaking village of Ichu appeal to a higher authority to end the drought.

They have taken out the venerated Catholic figure of Our Lady of the Cloud in a procession through the fields to plead for the first time in years for holy intervention to bring rain. 

"We've planted our crops in the customary way but the potatoes aren't sprouting because of the intense heat. It is worrisome," said Daniel Ccama, a community leader in Ichu.

"Let the rains come Father Jesus. Don't punish us father," the procession participants chanted in their native Aymara.

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© Agence France-Presse

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