3.8 million people have fled Ukraine amid Russian invasion: UN

Robin Millard, Agence France-Presse

Posted at Mar 27 2022 10:28 PM | Updated as of Mar 27 2022 11:12 PM

Local people share a basement of a historical building which is being used as a bomb shelter during an air raid warning in the Western Ukrainian city of Lviv, 26 March 2022, amid the Russian invasion. Mykola Tys, EPA-EFE
Local people share a basement of a historical building which is being used as a bomb shelter during an air raid warning in the Western Ukrainian city of Lviv, 26 March 2022, amid the Russian invasion. Mykola Tys, EPA-EFE

GENEVA, Switzerland - More than 3.8 million people have fled Ukraine since Russia's invasion a month ago, UN figures showed Sunday, but the flow of refugees has slowed down markedly.

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, said 3,821,049 Ukrainians had fled the country -- an increase of 48,450 from Saturday's figures.

Around 90 percent of them are women and children, it added.

Of those who have left, 2.2 million have fled for neighboring Poland, while more than half a million have made it to Romania. Nearly 300,000 have gone to Russia.

Before the crisis began a month ago, EU member Poland was home to around 1.5 million Ukrainians.

In total, more than 10 million people -- over a quarter of the population in regions under government control before the February 24 invasion -- are now thought to have fled their homes, including nearly 6.5 million who are internally displaced.

Ukraine's refugee crisis is Europe's worst since World War II.

The UN children's agency, UNICEF, said Thursday that 4.3 million children -- more than half of Ukraine's estimated 7.5-million child population -- had been forced to leave their homes.

It puts at some 1.5 million the number of those children who have become refugees, while another 2.5 million are displaced inside their war-ravaged country, it said.

The number leaving daily has fallen well below 100,000 per day, and even 50,000 in recent days, even as living conditions in Ukraine worsen.

The figures do not include citizens of neighboring states who have left Ukraine to return home.

Here is a breakdown of which neighboring countries Ukrainian refugees have headed to, as of Sunday afternoon. Russia's figure relates to end Tuesday:

POLAND
Six out of 10 Ukrainian refugees -- 2,267,103 so far -- have crossed into Poland, according to UNHCR.

Many people who cross into Ukraine's immediate western neighbors continue on to other states in Europe's Schengen open-borders zone.

Many are also going in the opposite direction. Border guards said earlier in the week that some 274,000 people have left Poland for Ukraine since the war began.

ROMANIA
Some 586,942 Ukrainians have entered EU member state Romania, including a large number who have crossed over from Moldova, wedged between Romania and Ukraine.

The vast majority are thought to have gone on to other countries.

MOLDOVA 
The Moldovan border is the nearest to the major port city of Odessa.

UNHCR said 381,395 Ukrainians had crossed into the non-EU state, one of the poorest in Europe.

To reduce congestion, organized convoys leave daily from the Palanca crossing for Romania, with the most vulnerable prioritized for transfer.

HUNGARY
Some 349,107 Ukrainians have entered Hungary, according to UNHCR.

RUSSIA 
Some 271,254 refugees have sought shelter in Russia, according to UNHCR figures last updated on March 22.

In addition, 113,000 people had crossed into Russia from the separatist-held pro-Russian regions of Donetsk and Lugansk in eastern Ukraine between February 21 and 23.

SLOVAKIA
Some 272,012 people have crossed Ukraine's shortest border into Slovakia. 

BELARUS
Some 6,341 refugees have made it north to close Russia ally Belarus.

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