But low population also means high crime rate, PNP says
MANILA - Data from the Philippine National Police (PNP) for the first four months of 2018 showed Naga City has the highest monthly crime rate nationwide.
Based on data by Crime Research and Analysis Center of the PNP Directorate for Investigation and Detection Management, Naga had a 273.83 average monthly crime rate from January to April this year.
PNP spokesperson John Bulalacao, however, said the crime rate is inversely proportional to the total number of population.
“Pag mas marami ang tao, mas mababa ang crime rate. Pag kokonti ang population mas malaki ang crime rate,” he said.
(The higher the population, the lower the crime rate. The lower the population, the higher the crime rate.)
“Ito kasing crime rate, whether monthly average or annual, computed based on 100,000 population. So regardless kung saan ka man, basta’t yung lugar na yon, may 100,000 population, pwede mong ma-compute iyung kanyang crime rate,” Bulalacao explained.
(This crime rate, whether monthly average or annual, is computed based on 100,000 population. Regardless of the location, as long as that place has a population of 100,000, we can compute the crime rate.)
Second on the list is Mandaue with 214.71, followed by Pasay (136.26), Iloilo (133.97), Cebu (129.30) Makati (128.02) and Mandaluyong (119.91).
Ormoc City, on the other hand, got the lowest average monthly crime rate with 15.06, followed by Cotabato City (17.75), Puerto Princesa (21.50), Angeles City (26.12), Olongapo City (26.65) and Davao (26.71).
Quezon City ranks first on rape, physical injury, robbery, theft, carnapping
While Quezon City ranked 10th in the average monthly crime rate, it ranked first out of 10 cities with the highest number of 8 focus crimes for the first quarter of 2018.
The 8 focus crimes as the name suggests, is focused on the anti-criminality drive of the PNP. These are murder, homicide, physical injury, rape, robbery, theft, carnapping and motornapping.
For the first quarter of 2018, Quezon City ranked first in 5 out of 8 focus crimes.
Quezon City ranked first in rape, physical injury, robbery, theft and carnapping of motorcycles.
Bulalacao said if crime volume will be the main gauge for crime analysis, it would be unfair for Quezon City.
“Ang crime rate ay inversely proportional sa population. So kaya mataas yung crime rate dito sa Naga City, kasi mas mababa kung ikukumpara natin sa Quezpn City, na mas mababa ang kanyang crime rate despite significant number of crime volume in Quezon City is because of population. Mas konti ang population sa Naga City compared sa QC,” Bulalacao said.
(The crime rate is inversely proportional to the population. Naga City has a higher crime rate because compared to Quezon City, which has a lower crime rate despite significant number of crime volume in Quezon City, is because of population. Naga City has a lower population compared to Quezon City.)
Quezon City also has the most number of rape cases with 65, followed by Manila (44), Caloocan (38), Davao (37) and Zamboanga (31).
In terms of physical injury cases, Quezon City came first with 252 then followed by Manila (175), Cebu (112), Iloilo (87) and Davao (76).
For robbery, QC got the highest number with 239 cases, followed by Manila with 157, Zamboanga City (71), Cebu City (66), and Naga City (40).
For theft, QC had 429 incidents, followed by Cebu City (263), Zamboanga City (250), Manila (239) and Naga City (213).
“Sa Quezon City kasi expectedly mas marami ang crime incidents kasi mas marami ang population, samantalang kung iko-compute natin ang 8 focus crimes base on the crime rate magbabago yung crime environment sa Quezon City,” Bulalalacao said.
(In Quezon City, it is expected to have more incidents of crime because it has a higher population, while if we compute the 8 focus crimes based on the crime rate, it will change the crime environment in Quezon City.)
Manila ranked number 1 with the most number of murder cases at 58, followed by Caloocan with 44, Quezon City (40) and Zamboanga (28). Davao is fifth on the list with 24.
In terms of homicide cases, Taguig came in number 1 with 27, Pasig with 12 followed by Cotabato (10), General Santos (9) and Quezon City with 9.
“The more population there will be on particular area, the more crimes will be expected to occur. Whereas kung ia-analyze natin yung crime situation through the crime rate magiging fair yun for all areas,” Bulalacao said.
(The more population there will be on particular area, the more crimes will be expected to occur. Whereas if we analyze the crime situation through the crime rate, the number will be fair in all areas.)
Caloocan had the most number of carnapped vehicles with 15.
Bulalacao said the data should not be a basis for considering whether an area is safe or unsafe.
He said chief PNP Oscar Albayalde has issued guidelines reminding the commanders to make good their efforts against criminality.