PH communists warn peace pact unlikely before 2019

Agence France-Presse

Posted at Jan 17 2017 01:23 PM | Updated as of Jan 17 2017 05:01 PM

President Rodrigo Duterte meets with Communist Party of the Philippines leaders Benito and Wilma Tiamzon, and other heads of the National Democratic Front in Malacañang last September. ABS-CBN News

MANILA - Philippine communist rebels waging one of Asia's longest insurgencies said Tuesday a peace pact was likely not achievable before 2019, in a blow to the government's hopes of securing a deal this year.

Ahead of fresh peace talks starting in Italy on Thursday, the National Democratic Front of the Philippines also warned that forces on the ground were urging an end to a ceasefire as they became frustrated with the government's "broken promises".

"The NDFP goes into the third round of formal talks in Rome determined as always to persevere with the peace talks but increasingly troubled by the other party's sincerity," the communists' chief negotiator, Fidel Agcaoili, said in a statement.

The communists have been waging their "national democratic revolution" since 1968 to overthrow a capitalist system that has led to one of Asia's biggest rich-poor divides.

At least 30,000 people have died in the conflict, according to the military.

President Rodrigo Duterte, who describes himself as a socialist, has made ending the rebellion one of his top priorities.

LOOK: Duterte meets Tiamzons, NDF leaders in Malacañang

He launched the peace process soon after he took office in June last year and installed three communists in his cabinet.

Both sides agreed to a temporary ceasefire during the first round of talks in Norway last August.

The government said then it was aiming for a final peace deal within 12 months.

But Agcaoili said the communists would need at least two more years after negotiators agreed on a series of economic and political reforms before even beginning "serious discussions" on a final peace pact.

Those economic and political reforms have yet to be agreed, and are meant to be discussed in Rome.

Meanwhile, familiar grievances that derailed peace efforts under previous Philippine presidents appear to have returned to haunt the current negotiations.

The communists have long demanded that hundreds of jailed communist leaders be released before it will consider making major concessions in peace talks.

Duterte released 18 top leaders to kickstart the peace process but the communists are demanding another 434 rebels be freed immediately.

Duterte said last month he did not want to release the rebels straight away, describing the negotiations as a "poker game".

"My aces are in prison," he said, referring to the jailed communists.

"If I released them all my cards would lost. There would be nothing else to talk about."

The government estimates the NPA has about 4,000 fighters, down from a peak of 26,000 in the 1980s.

But they remain particularly active in rural areas of the archipelago, where they are well known for extorting money from local businesses. Their regular deadly attacks on police and military forces also occasionally reach into urban areas.