MANILA - If Cavite Rep. Lani Mercado-Revilla’s House Bill 106 gets approved, plastic bags will be a thing of the past nationwide after 3 years.
Revilla’s bill essentially legislates for the whole country what is now just implemented as an ordinance in some local government units.
“SEC. 5. Phaseout of Nonbiodegradable Plastic Bags. — Notwithstanding the provision of Section 4 of this Act, nonbiodegradable plastic bags shall be gradually phased out within a period of three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act. Thereafter, production, importation, sale, distribution, provision or use of said bags shall be prohibited.”
The bill also proposes to mandate commercial establishments to provide biodegradable plastic bags to their consumers within 6 months of the effectivity of the act, as well as bags made of natural materials like locally made bayong.
It will also ask the same commercial establishments within 60 days of the effectivity of the bill to “establish an in-store recovery program that will give their customers an opportunity to return their used plastic bags to the commercial establishments from which the plastic bags originated.”
“All plastic bags recovered by the store shall be collected, transported, and, whenever practicable, recycled and disposed by the LGUs pursuant to Section 8 of this Act," the bill says.
Commercial establishments must also charge their customers a fee for plastic bags. "The commercial establishment shall require their customers to surrender an equivalent or practically equivalent plastic bag for the provision of a new plastic bag. Otherwise, the customer or consumer will be charged a ?xed fee of P1.00 per plastic bag, which fee shall be reflected in their receipts; and the commercial establishment shall make local reusable bags available to consumers within the establishment. which shall be purchased in lieu of surrendering an old plastic bag or purchasing a new plastic bag.”
The Bill also imposes penalties for violations of the act on business establishments who fail to abide by the provisions of the proposed law.
SEC. 9. Fines and Penalties. — Violations of Sections 3, 4 and 5 of this Act shall be penalized in the following manner:
(a) A ?ne of not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (Pl00,000.00) for the first offense;
(b) A ?ne of not exceeding Two hundred ?fty thousand pesos (P250,000.00) for the second offense; _
(C) A ?ne of not exceeding Five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000.00) for the thlrd offense; and
(d) A ?ne of not exceeding Seven hundred ?ty thousand pesos (P750,000.00) and, automatic revocation of its business permit for the fourth offense.
Fines shall be imposed based on the capitalization of commercial establishments. For this purpose, the Department shall establish such classification of commercial establishments.
Any ?ne collected pursuant to this section shall be retained by the barangay unit where the store is located in order to augment its waste management capability.