MANILA, Philippines (2nd UPDATE) - President Arroyo on Wednesday declared May 3 a regular holiday--not special non-working holiday as earlier reported--in lieu of May 1, Labor Day.
Executive Secretary Leandro Mendoza said May 1, which falls on a Saturday, is not a holiday. He said this declaration is based on Republic Act 9492 or the holiday economics of President Arroyo.
Proclamation No. 2043, which was signed by Mendoza, said RA 9849 provides "among others, that Labor Day shall be observed on a Monday nearest May 1, which happens to be on May 3."
"A longer weekend encourages families to get together and strengthen their relationship towards a more productive environment, as well as promotes domestic tourism and enables employers to plan their work schedules effectively and efficiently," the proclamation said.
Labor Secretary Marianito Roque reminded employers in the private sector on holiday pay rules during a nationwide regular holiday. These are:
"1. If the holiday falls on an employee's regular workday:
· If worked, the employee is entitled to 200% of his [or her] basic wage for the first eight (8) hours and, for work in excess of the 8 hours, to an additional 30% of his or her hourly rate on the said day.
· If unworked, the employee is entitled to 100% of his or her regular daily rate, provided he or she was present, or was on leave with pay on the workday immediately preceding the holiday.
"2. If the day is the employee's rest day:
· If worked, the employee is entitled, for the first 8 hours, to 200% of his or her daily rate plus 30% and, for work in excess of 8 hours, plus 30% of his or her hourly rate on the said day.
· If unworked, the employee is entitled to 100% of his or her regular daily rate, provided he or she was present, or was on leave with pay, on the workday immediately preceding the holiday.
"3. Where the day immediately preceding the holiday is a non-work day in the establishment or the scheduled rest day of the employee, he or she shall not be deemed on leave of absence on that day, in which case he or she shall be entitled to the holiday pay."
Roque earlier ruled out any announcements of a wage hike from President Arroyo on Labor Day.
He said that this year's Labor Day theme is "Manggagawang Pilipino, Kaagapay sa Pagbabago." He said the nationwide celebration "honors all the Filipino workers both at home and overseas, and affirms the greater social partnership of labor with the government, management, the civil society and other sectors."
"Labor Day is a long-cherished tradition for all Filipinos," Roque said. "The day is both a national celebration, as well as an international event, that our trade unions have fought hard to institutionalize in our nation."