How to determine early signs of testicular cancer

by Fidea Encarnacion,

Posted at Aug 19 2014 01:10 AM | Updated as of Aug 19 2014 09:10 AM

MANILA - Signs of risk factors which may lead to testicular cancer can be found and may be prevented upon birth, an expert said.

Earlier this week, veteran actor Christopher de Leon's son Miguel was reported to have testicular cancer. Miguel had "testicular germ cell tumor" and was first operated on when he was 5 years old.

He is currently confined in the intensive care unit of the California Pacific Medical Center in the United States.

In an interview on DZMM, Dr. Juliano Panganiban shared that normally, testes should have descended within 3 months of a child's birth. Undescended testes poses the possibility of having testicular cancer later on, according to Panganiban.

"Ang problema diyan is may mga instances, or risk factors [where] undescended 'yung testes at age of birth... Dapat within 3 months, 90 percent nakababa na."

Testicular cancer are often found in men aged 20 to 40 years old, he added.

Panganiban said that a sign that one has undescended testes is if the scrotum is not fully developed.

Spermatogenesis, or the formation of sperm, will also be affected if the testes have not yet descended by the age of two years old, he said.

Another instance which may lead to testicular cancer is infertility.

This may be traced to the infant's exposure to the mother's estrogen during gestation, according to Panganiban.

"Sometimes may problem sa testes itself [na] infertile siya that increase the risk of testicular cancer... It is the exposure ng testes sa hormonal levels ng mother during gestation so at that point, exposed na siya sa estrogen," he said.

Panganiban advised those with the aforementioned conditions to undergo a yearly checkup. He added that it is important to keep track of the formation of the testes as the child grows older.

"Para masubaybayan 'yung testes over the years habang tumatanda 'yung bata, and may testorone function pa rin siya... So if we bring the testes down before puberty, it reduces the risk of cancer."