How to 'recycle' food waste

ABS-CBN News

Posted at Jan 13 2011 10:46 PM | Updated as of Jan 14 2011 08:51 AM

MANILA, Philippines - It's high time for us to take a second look at the things we throw away.

A study by Development Research News of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies showed that Metro Manila produces 5,800 tons of solid waste per day, and 75% of these come from households.

Food scraps take up half of all household waste, followed by paper (16%), plastics (15%), yard, textiles and rubber (10%) and glass (9%).

The most common kitchen waste are fruit and vegetable peelings, which can actually be used to create healthy and delicious items, according to Ofelia Panganiban of Zero Waste Philippines, a group dedicated to improving solid waste management in the country.

"We turn trash to cash, helping mothers, teachers and out-of-school youth," she said in an interview at [email protected]

Panganiban gave these 2 simple recipes in the hope that people would start going green in the kitchen:

FRUIT VINEGAR

Ingredients:

1 cup mashed fruit peelings (can be pineapple, banana, chico, mango, apple, atis, star apple, tamarind or grapes)
1/2 cup brown sugar
4 cups water

Procedure:

1. Place the mashed fruit, sugar and water in a container. Stir the mixture until the sugar is dissolved.
2. Pour the mixture into a jar, cover it with cheese cloth and secure it with a rubber band.
3. Open the jar once a week to stir up the mixture and to facilitate the fermentation, which takes 36 days.

CANDIED CITRUS PEEL

Ingredients:

Peelings of 3 large oranges (can be lemon, grapefruit or tangerine)
1/2 cup sugar

Procedure:

1. Remove the white rind from leftover orange peelings so the candy will not have a bitter taste.
2. Cut the peelings into fine slivers.
3. Place the slivers in a sauce pan and add enough water to coat it.
4. Boil for 4 minutes, then rinse with cold water and drain thoroughly.
5. Place the drained peelings in a skillet and add the sugar. Allow the sugar to melt in low heat without changing color.
6. Remove the candied peel and save the leftover sugar for iced tea.