Who are the top 10 most mentioned individuals thought to be "genuine Filipino heroes"?
When the Social Weather Stations (SWS) posed the question in 2011:
"Sino-sino po ang mga taong kinikilala ninyong tunay na bayaning Pilipino? Maaari po kayong magbanggit ng hanggang limang tao?" or "Who are the persons whom you consider a genuine Filipino hero? You can name at up to five persons?"-- and asked people to give up to five names, here's what came up.
Click on the portraits by Ralph Cifra, exclusively for ABS-CBNnews.com. Each portrait also has trivia about these individuals.
The survey was conducted using face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults in Metro Manila, the rest of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. It had a sampling error of plus/minus 3% for national percentages.
Of the 10 most-mentioned Filipino heroes in the SWS survey, the top 3--Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Benigno Aquino Jr.--were all unjustly executed.
On December 26, 1896, a Spanish court martial found Jose Rizal guilty of sedition and sentenced him to death by firing squad.
Then Governor-General Camillo Polavieja confirmed the sentence 2 days later. On December 28, Rizal's sisters went to Malacanang and pleaded to Polavieja to stay the execution but were rejected.
On December 30, 1896, Rizal was executed. His body was then brought to San Juan de Dios Hospital and his remains buried in Paco Cemetery in an unmarked grave. On August 17, 1898, his remains were exhumed and brought to the Rizal family house in Binondo.
It was only on December 30, 1912--on his 17th death anniversary-- when his remains were finally buried at the Rizal Park in Luneta.