President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday delivered his third State of the Nation Address (SONA), with obvious differences from his first two speeches.
Here are some of the differences in the President's third SONA.
1. Shortest SONA, so far
Duterte's third SONA lasted for nearly 50 minutes, as he largely stuck to his prepared speech.
Malacañang earlier estimated the President's third SONA would last for 35 to 45 minutes.
Duterte's 2017 SONA lasted for 120 minutes, while his first SONA lasted for more than 90 minutes.
2. SONA started later than expected
Duterte started his third SONA at 5:20 p.m., more than an hour later than expected.
The delay was due to the sudden change in leadership at the House of Representatives. Pampanga Rep. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo ousted Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez in a coup that was completed after the SONA at around 8:50 p.m.
3. New director, no unconventional shots
For this year, Malacañang decided to tap romantic-comedy film director Joyce Bernal to direct the President's SONA, replacing multi-awarded film director Brillante Mendoza.
Bernal earlier said she intended to use "sequencing shots" and "warm lighting" to capture Duterte's patriotism on camera.
Mendoza directed Duterte's first two SONA, receiving both praise and flak for his directing style.
For the President's first SONA, Mendoza used many unconventional angles during the speech.
Unlike previous ones, which was again broadcast live on all major television networks in the country, Duterte's first SONA showed a lot of close-ups, worm's eye view, and some double exposures.
For his second SONA, Mendoza again made use of creative shots, switching between extreme close-ups and eye-level shots.
4. New House, Senate leadership
For the past two years, former Senate President Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III and House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez sat on the rostrum while Duterte delivered his SONA.
This year, however, there was a change in the leadership in both the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Instead of Pimentel, Senator Vicente "Tito" Sotto III took his seat at the rostrum for Duterte's third SONA.
Sotto took over the leadership of the Senate last May after Pimentel stepped down.
Alvarez, on the other hand, still took his seat at the rostrum, but not without controversy.
Hours before the start of Duterte's speech, Pampanga Rep. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was seen at the rostrum, taking her oath unofficially as the new Speaker.
Rep. Miro Quimbo said at least 161 congressmen voted for Arroyo as the new Speaker. Arroyo, who is on her last term as congresswoman, is the first former president to lead the House.
Alvarez’s allies allegedly tried to stop his removal as Speaker by abruptly adjourning the opening session, which also led to the House’s failure to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law before the President’s third SONA.
Alvarez's removal came after a spat with President Rodrigo Duterte's daughter, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte-Carpio, and erstwhile political patron, Davao del Norte Rep. Antonio Floirendo Jr.
5. No mention of accomplishments
As expected, Duterte did not mention his administration's accomplishments, and instead focused on issues and problems he wants solved.