WASHINGTON/NEW YORK -- Asian share markets were set to tumble on Wednesday as the floor fell out from under US crude prices, exposing the deep damage the coronavirus pandemic has had on global economic demand.
Skittish investors sought the safety of government debt and even dumped safe-haven gold as Brent oil futures plunged for a second day, fueled by a swelling global crude glut.
Australian S&P/ASX 200 futures lost 2.1 percent in early trading while Japan's Nikkei futures rose 0.21 percent.
The collapse in US crude prices has given fresh urgency to bearish voices who say it sounds alarm bells for global growth and are bracing for a catastrophic collapse in asset prices as the COVID-19 pandemic wrecks the world economy.
Earlier his week, the May US WTI futures contract crashed into negative pricing for the first time in history. In addition to massive oversupply concerns, analysts say the plunge also highlights the technical constraints the market faces in responding to shocks.
"The negative price for May WTI futures was probably an anomaly, but it also was a symptom of bigger underlying issues that the industry must address," said Arij van Berkel, who leads the energy research team at Lux Research in Amsterdam.
"Even though the oil industry theoretically has a diversified product portfolio, the current situation shows that its ability to switch between markets is extremely limited."
The Nikkei 225 index closed down 1.15 percent at 19,669.12 on Tuesday. The futures contract is down 2.64 percent from that close.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng index futures lost 1.31 percent.
On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 2.67% to 23,018.88, the S&P 500 lost 3.07% to 2,736.56 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 3.48% to 8,263.23.
The pan-European STOXX 600 index lost 3.39% and MSCI's gauge of stocks across the globe shed 3.01%.
As the difficulties of restarting the U.S. economy sank in, U.S. Treasury yields tumbled, with the five-year note hitting a new record low on rising prices for bonds: one of the safest assets.
The U.S. dollar rose to a two-week high against a basket of currencies, as investors fled riskier assets for the world's most liquid currency while putting pressure on oil-linked currencies such as the Norwegian crown and the Canadian dollar.
Investors face a worldwide supply glut that is expected to overwhelm demand for months or even years and current production cuts to offset that excess are nowhere near sufficient.
US crude recently rose 124.08 percent to $10.01 per barrel while Brent oil futures prices plunged again on Tuesday to $19.82, down 22.49 percent on the day, as panic extended to a second day.
Both Saudi Arabia and Russia said on Tuesday they were ready to take extra measures to stabilize oil markets along with other producers, but they have not taken action yet.
Investors have become increasingly wary of the economic damage from sweeping lockdowns that have brought US business activity to a halt and sparked millions of layoffs.
Governors of about half a dozen US states, including Georgia and South Carolina, are pushing ahead with plans to begin a partial restart of their economies despite warnings that loosening restrictions prematurely could lead to a fresh surge of infections.
Meanwhile, the US Senate on Tuesday unanimously approved $484 billion in additional coronavirus relief for the US economy and hospitals treating patients sickened by the pandemic, sending the measure to the House of Representatives for final passage later this week.