FACTBOX: State of same-sex marriage around the world

Thomson Reuters Foundation

Posted at Dec 07 2017 11:42 PM

Same-sex marriage campaigners pose for pictures during an equality rally outside Parliament House in Canberra on Thursday. AAP/Lukas Coch/via Reuters

LONDON- Australia on Thursday became the 26th nation to legalize same-sex marriage, following a postal survey in which Australians overwhelmingly voted in support of formalizing the unions.

The laws, which will also recognize same-sex marriages carried out in foreign countries, take effect from Saturday. Because a month's notice is required for the state to recognize a marriage, the first legal same-sex unions will be in January.

Lawmakers, who had cast aside a conservative push to allow religious objectors to refuse service to same-sex couples, waved rainbow flags and embraced in parliament, where earlier in the debate a politician had proposed to his same-sex partner.

Here are some facts about same-sex marriage around the world: * Same-sex marriage is legal in 26 nations: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, United States.

*It is also set to become legal soon in Austria and Taiwan, following court rulings on the matter this year. * In some of these countries, such as Mexico and Britain, marriage is only open to same-sex couples in some regions. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom where same-sex marriage is not allowed. * The first country to legalize same-sex marriage was the Netherlands in 2001.

* Some Australian states ruled homosexual acts to be illegal until just 20 years ago. 

* In Africa, where homosexuality is a crime in many countries and can lead to imprisonment or the death penalty, South Africa alone has granted the same access to gay couples. Same-sex marriage legislation came into force there in 2006. 

* No countries in Asia allow same-sex couples to marry or enter civil unions of any kind. In May, Taiwan's constitutional court ruled that same-sex couples have the right to legally marry, the first such ruling in Asia. 

* Almost one in three adults globally believe people of the same sex should be allowed to marry, a survey of almost 100,000 people in 65 countries showed in 2016. SOURCES: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), Pew Research Center, Reuters.