On June 12, 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo and his loyal revolutionary forces unfurled the flag and sang Lupang Hinirang, the Philippine National Anthem, as they held a public reading of “The Act of the Declaration of Independence.” From the window of Aguinaldo’s house in Kawit, Cavite, he proclaimed the independence of the Philippines from Spain's colonial rule, although at first, this declaration was not recognized by either the United States or Spain. The U.S. granted independence to the Philippines on July 4, 1946. June 12 had previously been observed as Flag Day, while July 4 was celebrated as the country’s Independence Day. In August 1962 President Diosdado Macapagal signed into law Republic Act No. 4166 designating June 12 as the country's Independence Day.
Today, Aguinaldo’s ancestral home stands as a national shrine and a witness to a brave moment in Philippine history.