MANILA- The Philippine National Police (PNP) has had to face allegations of extra-judicial killings and police abuses for the past year of the Duterte administration.
From the kidnap-slay case of South Korean businessman Jee Ick-Joo to the recent viral video of Mandaluyong caps beating a civilian with a yantok or rattan stick, questions on how the police force is disciplining its officers have been raised.
Here are some updates on several incidents involving the police force:
JEE ICK-JOO KIDNAP-SLAY CASE
PNP spokesman Chief Supt. Dionardo Carlos said the cops linked to the killing of Jee are already part of the 160 dismissed from the service by PNP chief Director General Ronald "Bato" dela Rosa.
The cops detained in Camp Crame, however, are still facing criminal charges.
The death of Jee, who was abducted from his home in Angeles City on Oct. 18 in the guise of a drug raid, made headlines after he was killed inside Camp Crame, the police headquarters.
The case prompted President Rodrigo Duterte to remove the PNP from leading his anti-narcotics campaign for a month.
Cops linked to the slay of Jee are SPO3 Ricky Sta. Isabel, SPO4 Roy Villegas, and Supt. Rafael Dumlao III.
DEATH OF ESPINOSA INSIDE A JAIL CELL
Members of the PNP Criminal Investigation Detection Group 8 (CIDG-8) were initially accused of murdering Albuera, Leyte Mayor Rolando Espinosa Sr. inside his jail cell.
The department's earlier resolution, which respondents appealed, ordered the indictment of the following for one count of murder for Espinosa’s slay: Marcos, Supt. Noel Matira, Chief Inspector Leo Laraga, SPO4 Melvin Cayobit, PO3 Johnny Ibañez, Senior Inspector Deogacias Diaz III, SPO2 Benjamin Dacallos, PO3 Norman Abellanosa, PO1 Jerlan Cabiyaan, Chief Inspector Calixto Canillas Jr., Senior Inspector Lucrecito Candilosas, SPO2 Antonio Docil, SPO1 Mark Christian Cadilo, PO2 Jhon Ruel Doculan, and PO2 Jaime Bacsal.
Indicted for a separate count of murder for the slay of inmate Raul Yap were Marcos, Diaz, Dacallos, Abellanosa, Cabiyaan, Canillas, Candilosas, Cadillo, Doculan, Bacsal, SPO4 Juanito Duarte, PO1 Lloyd Ortigueza, Senior Inspector Fritz Blanco, PO1 Bhernard Orpilla, and SPO2 Antonio Docil.
Indicted for two counts of violation of Article 129 of the Revised Penal Code for maliciously obtaining search warrants and abuse in the service of the same were Laraga, Abellanosa, and Paul Olendan, the witness used by the policemen in obtaining the warrants.
The DOJ, however, recently downgraded the charges to homicide, allowing the cops involved in the case to post bail.
Carlos said the cops involved in the case have already been dismissed from service but are still appealing the decision.
The appeal will be processed by the Philippine National Police-Internal Affairs Service (PNP-IAS), he said.
"It will be processed by the Internal Affairs. Whether its murder or homicide, a life is lost under their care supposedly," Carlos said.
Dela Rosa earlier this month ordered the transfer to war-torn Marawi police officers 1 Jose Tandog and Chito Enriquez of the Mandaluyong community precinct 2, a decision that did not sit well with local Mindanao officials.
Tandog and Enriquez were patrolling with village watchmen when they caught 2 men drinking on the sidewalk in violation of a local ordinance.
When they were brought to the barangay hall, one of the men allegedly slapped Tandog, prompting the officer to beat him with a yantok.
Carlos explained that the transfer to Marawi is a "command decision" of Dela Rosa but the two cops are still facing administrative charges.
ABUSIVE OZAMIZ POLICE CHIEF?
The PNP-IAS is still probing the mauling of a drug suspect caught on video last March.
The video shows Chief Inspector Jovie Espenido, chief of Ozamiz City police, beating a drug suspect caught in a raid.
Espenido defended himself saying he was trying to force the suspect to vomit the alleged sachet of 'shabu' swallowed by the latter.
"The video was shown, when it was shown to me, hindi cleared siya. It was the Ozamiz City director who identified [him]," Carlos said.
ABUSIVE CAVITE COPS
In General Trias-Cavite, three policemen have been accused of beating up and humiliating 2 inmates.
Carlos said the case of the 3 cops are already being probed by the PNP Regional Internal Affairs Service and will be submitted to the office of the PNP chief for review.
Aside from cases of alleged police brutality, Carlos said Dela Rosa has dismissed a total of 160 policemen from service, which includes cops who tested positive in random drug tests.
Four cases for dismissal, however, are being reviewed anew since these are only light cases, Carlos said.