Higher inflation seen
MANILA - The World Bank lowered its growth forecasts for the Philippines this year and the next after weak state spending in the second quarter and a tightening of monetary policy, but the bank said strong domestic demand would still fuel economic expansion.
The development lender said in a statement on Thursday that it now expects growth this year to reach 6.4 percent, Having previously forecast 6.6 percent growth.
The forecast for growth in 2015 was revised down to 6.7 percent from a forecast of 6.9 percent issued in April.
The downward revision follows a similar move by the International Monetary Fund, which last month cut its 2014 growth forecast for the Philippines to 6.2 percent from 6.5 percent previously.
The government has set a GDP growth target of 6.5 to 7.5 percent this year, after 7.2 percent growth last year, the strongest in Southeast Asia.
Philippine inflation could reach 5 percent this year, higher than its previous forecast of 4 percent and at the top end of the government target, mainly due to increases in prices of food such as the national staple rice, said Rogier van den Brink, lead economist at the World Bank's Philippine office.
The central bank expects inflation to average 4.33 percent this year, based on latest data, within a government target of 3 to 5 percent.
The Philippines must "quickly increase" rice imports to dampen rising food prices, said van den Brink.
The government has authorised the purchase of an additional 500,000 tonnes rice, bringing to more than 2 million tonnes the country's imports of the grain this year - the highest in four years - following strong typhoons that hurt domestic output and led to thinning stockpiles.
Private consumption is expected to remain robust, making up more than half of GDP growth, supported by strong inflows of remittances from Filipinos overseas, the World Bank said, adding infrastructure projects awarded under the public-private partnership scheme are new sources of growth.
External risks to the country's growth remain, and could come from a disorderly policy normalization in developed countries, uncertainties related to adjustments in China's property market, and political tensions in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, as well as territorial tensions with China, the bank said.
The lender noted poverty incidence in the country declined by 3 percentage points to 24.9 percent in 2013 from the previous year, which meant that 2.5 million Filipinos were lifted out of poverty after years of slow progress towards more inclusive economic growth.