MANILA, Philippines - Globe Telecom is urging the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co. (PLDT) to connect to the Philippine Open Internet Exchange (PHOpenIX), the only internet exchange facility operated by the government.
"We welcome PLDT’s latest statement supporting IP peering. In so doing, PLDT should then connect to the government’s only internet exchange or at least establish direct peering with Globe Telecom. Nothing less would suffice to validate its claim of support for an effective and reliable IP peering among various ISPs in the country,” said Francisco Claravall, Vice President for Consumer Broadband Products, in a statement.
An internet exchange, such as the PHOpenIX, which is operated by the Department of Science and Technology-Advanced Science and Technology Institute, allows the exchange of Internet traffic among internet and data service providers.
At present, Globe has a 10Gbps port with the PLDT-hosted Vitro Internet Exchange (VIX). However, Globe does not have any Internet traffic to any PLDT subscribers through VIX but only with other ISPs.
"We are open anytime to peer with PLDT, as this will enhance both our customers’ web experience," he said.
PLDT had previously opposed the National Telecommunication’s proposed mandatory IP peering policy. Recently, PLDT said it supports the NTC's initiatives to implement IP peering, but emphasized such arrangements must be voluntary.
"However, it is important to distinguish IP transit vs. peering. IP transit is when an ISP (usually a Tier 2 ISP) uses another ISP (usually a Tier 1 ISP such as PLDT or Globe) to access the rest of the Internet via a transit arrangement and therefore the former uses the resources of the Tier 1 ISP to allow its uses to access the rest of the Internet. That is not our intent when we push for IP peering," Claravall said.
Under an IP peering arrangement, the internet traffic is freely exchanged between the Tier 1 ISP and each ISP provides the other partner with access to its own customers and vice versa but not to the entire Internet.
Globe supports the NTC’s position that a mandatory IP peering among carriers should be put in place in order to improve internet services, particularly internet speeds.
Claravall noted around 15% to 30% of all internet traffic in the Philippines is domestic, which means traffic originates in the Philippines and terminates in the Philippines.
However, instead of remaining local, traffic is being routed externally, such as in Hong Kong and the U.S., before returning to the Philippines. This means that instead of getting routed directly between origin and destination, data is routed outwards through large ISPs that sell transit before the data is routed back to its target destination, thus causing delay in data transmission and effectively slowing internet connectivity.
Recently, a Senate probe was opened to investigate the alleged slow but expensive Internet service offerings in the country. In terms of Internet services, the Philippines reportedly lags behind its neighbors within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations region.